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How to help someone who is having a heart attack?

Most heart attack patients die before they reach hospital. The sooner the person gets medical help, the better are his chances of survival. Timely medical treatment if provided to the heart attack patient helps reduce the amount of damage caused to the heart.

Someone who is having heart attack may experience one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Abnormal pressure or squeezing pain in the center of the chest

  • Pain spreading beyond the chest to the shoulders, neck, arms, jaw, teeth, or to the upper abdomen

  • Shortness of breath

  • Light-headedness, dizziness, fainting,

  • Nausea

  • Sweating

The above symptoms can be mild or severe and they usually vary from one person to the other. People who have diabetes, those who are elderly, and women have subtle symptoms.If someone at the workplace or at home is having a heart attack, call 911 or local medical emergency number immediately.

Make the person sit down and rest. If he is wearing any tight clothing, loosen it.

Ask the person if he takes any medicine for heart disease or chest pain. If the doctor has previously prescribed nitroglycerin to that person, make him take that as directed. But do not try to give it to someone who have never taken it before as it can prove to be more dangerous. Similarly, before giving aspirin to the patient, ask him if he is allergic to it or if he has been asked by the doctor never to take it.

If the person is unconscious and unresponsive, begin CPR right away. Place the person on a firm, flat surface. Put the heel of your hand over the lower third of the patient’s breastbone and give him 30 quick chest compressions. Be sure you push hard enough so that his chest moves about two inches down. This will get the blood flowing to the brain and to other vital organs.

After giving first 30 chest compressions, place one hand on their forehead, and your two fingers under the tip of your chin. Now gently tilt the person’s neck back to help open his airway.

Begin rescue breathing. Pinch the person’s nose and by placing your mouth over his mouth, give tow slow breaths. You would notice that their chest rises with each breath. Repeat this cycle of 30 chest compressions and two breaths until medical help arrives.

Studies reveal that CPR if given within first few minutes of heart attack, significantly improves the chances of survival of the patient.

If you don’t know how to perform CPR, join CPR classes in San Jose. CPR certification in San Jose would prepare you to handle heart attack and other emergencies and you would be able to save the life of someone you know.

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